Leach Family

Maryland, Kentucky, Missouri

Research report

By Gerald S. Lenzen

© 2002

Draft October 31, 2002

Updated December 30, 2002

Prior Leach Research

Ken Leach, of St. Charles, Missouri, visited the Scott County, Kentucky, area and acquired information from repositories that were rebuilding records that had been destroyed in past fires. One of the items discovered by Ken Leach was that Joseph Fields of Scott County, Kentucky married Susannah Leach, the daughter of William and Mary [--?--] Leach. [1] He has been unable to determine the exact source of that information. Ken is descended from William B. Leach, the son of William and Mary [--?--] Leach. This report attempts to verify the marriage claim of Joseph Fields and Susannah Leach, and to also research the ancestry of William Leach. The author is descended from Joseph Fields. This report also attempts to confirm that Susannah (aka Susan), in the land records as Joseph Fields' wife, is the daughter of William and Mary [--?--] Leach. This would establish William and Mary [--?--] Leach as the author's ancestors.

Aside from the information collected by Ken Leach, most of the material cited in this document was acquired by the author on several trips to the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah. Some material was located on Internet sites. Still other material was found at various library facilities in the greater Portland, Oregon area. The Genealogical Forum of Oregon Library in Portland, Oregon contained many items of interest in its book, CD, and microfilm collection.

Ken Leach Electronic Correspondence

In his September 2002 e-mail, Ken Leach said "Our line I can't find previous to Scott Co. Ky. There are a lot of Leaches, but I can't make a positive connection. There are three separate Leach families in Scott Co., the Eagle Creek Leaches, the McConnells Run Leaches, and the North Elkhorn/Dry Run Leaches. My line is the Elkhorn Leach as in Susannah. Here are some facts you may use. Nancy Fields, niece to Jos. Fields marries John M. Leach (Eagle). Mathew Fields [sic] b. 1795, d. 1856, marries Nancy Leach (Elkhorn), sister to Susannah, 3 June 1822. Zephamiah Fields b. 1804, d. 1876 marries Mary Neal, 1817-1852. James K. Polk Fields, son of Z. Fields b. 1844-1911 marries Mary Jane Leach (Eagle), b. 1843-1931, Sadieville, Ky." [2]

In August 2002, Ken wrote: , "I think that Susannah Leach married Joseph Fields, and her sister, Nancy Leach married Mathew Fields. I'm not sure of the relation between Mathew and Joseph. Both were from Scott Co., Ky. Their father was William Leach who had property on McCracken Run and the North Elkhorn, which is now part of Georgetown, Ky. I'd like to get info. from you if I could." [3]

The author interprets "Both were from Scott Co. Their father was William Leach" to refer to Susannah and Nancy Leach and not to the Fields' men.

WILLIAM LEACH IN SCOTT COUNTY KENTUCKY

Taxes

There are tax books on microfilm available for Scott County, Kentucky for most years beginning in 1794. [4] [5] Most are readable; some are not. There are various breaks in the series but for no more than 2-3 years. William Leach is first found in the tax books in 1806. He's listed in the 2nd book, on page 13, living on McCracken's Run. He's listed again in 1807, 1808, 1810, 1811, 1812, and 1816. He does not appear in the tax lists after that date. See Attachment A for a detailed list of Leach family extractions from the Scott County, Kentucky tax lists.

1799 Tax List

A printed source lists Leach/Leek taxpayers in Scott County, Kentucky as early as 1799. [6] The year 1798 was not included in the printed lists; no Leach names appear before 1799. Included are Joseph Leach, Jeremiah Leach, Jeremiah Leech, James(?) Leeck, James Leek, and John Leek. The Leek spelling appears to be of a different family and is found in later years of the tax records. The author did not transcribe the data for years 1800 to 1805.

See Attachment B for a description of the Fields family members in Scott County, Kentucky, tax lists from 1800. [7] , [8]

1813 William Leach Will

There is record of a will for William Leach in the Scott County, Kentucky, Wills and Estates. [9] , [10] It was dated 22 April 1813 and recorded 5 August 1822. It lists wife, Mary Leach, and children Benton Leach, Henry Leach, Rebecca Leach, Betsy Peak, Nany ----, Susanna Fields, Ruthy Peak, Polly Brown, Ara--- ----, Harriet Holden, Walter Leach, and William B. Leach. Witnesses were F. Bradford, Younger Pitts, and James West. William B. Leach, Henry Leach, and James Duly were appointed Executors and Administrators of the estate of William Leach.

There are several vacant spaces in the will listed above. This appears to be a transcribed copy of an original document. Ken Leach advised this author that many of the Scott County records were destroyed by fire. Scott County has an on-going project to reconstruct the damaged or destroyed records.

Note that a daughter is listed as "Susannah Fields." This would imply that she is, or has been, married to a Fields.

1822 Executors Bond

On August 5th 1822, Wm B. Leach, Henry Leach, and James Duly were appointed executors of the estate of William Leach deceased. [11] They posted bond of eight hundred dollars with the Commonwealth of Kentucky. They were ordered to conduct an inventory of the estate. They were also instructed to collect debts, pay bills, and distribute the legacies. Elijah Hawkins was the District Court Judge.

1822 Inventory of William Leach Estate

In response to an order from the 5 August 1822 court session, an inventory of the estate of William Leach, deceased, was filed in the Scott County court at the November Term 1822. [12] The farm and personal effects were valued at a total $420.00 on 7 October 1822. This document was filed by F. Bradford, George Pence, and Adam Pence, Commissioners. See details in Attachment C. Portions of the inventory are not included in the record due to fires in the courthouse. The current record is reconstructed from the original record and other sources.

1822 Report of Sale of William Leach Estate

Interestingly, also in the November Term 1822, an account of the sale of the estate of William Leach, dated 26 September 1822, was filed by Wm B. Leach and Henry Leach. [13] There is no total dollar amount listed but most of the items carry a monetary amount next to the listed item. This list looks to be about twice as long as the inventory.

It seems strange that the date on the inventory bears a date later than the date of the sale. It must have been an oversight on the part of the Commissioners. See Attachment D for details of the sale. Portions of the sale bill are not included in the record due to fires in the courthouse. The current record is reconstructed from the original record and other sources.

LEACH LAND RECORDS IN SCOTT COUNTY, KENTUCKY

1815 William Leach , Senior, sale to Burton and Henry Leach

On September 15, 1815, William Leach, Senior, sold two parcels of land. The first went to Burton Leach. It was 100 acres on "McCracken Run a Water of the North Fork".. being the One Half of the tract Whereon now reside," for $1.00. "Rhodam Neals land is listed as adjacent to a part of the tract. This sale would indicate a transfer of real property from father to son because of the nominal monetary exchange. The record contains many missing words, probably due to reconstruction of a burnt document. It appears as if Henry Leach also received a parcel of land, probably for a nominal amount, also. The amount of land and fee is not readable but the tract adjoins "Allens land" and "Rhodam Neals land..."[14] This latter tract may be the other half of the property where William Leach, Senior, is living.

The author extracted very brief references to some other land records in Scott County. The following need to be further investigated at some future date. The exact location of the tracts or parcels is very important. The adjacent landowners may give clues to relationships.

1806-1817 Deed Book B [15]

Page 445. Deed of gift from William B. Leach and Alexander Duly to William B., Sarah, and Alexander Leach. Negroes. 28 Feb 1817.

Page 85. Mortgage, William B. Leach to James Duly. 28 Apr 1807.

Page 177. Marshall Leach from Joseph Reding. 1 Sep 1813.

1818-1820 Deed Book C [16]

Page 12. Marshall Leach, and Anna his wife, to B. J. Chambers. Parcel on McCracken. 27 Nov 1818.

Page 136. Henry and Nancy Leach to Rodham Neal. Tract on McCracken Run. 22 Jun 1818.

Page 173. Relinquishment of mortgage by W. B. Leach to James and Alexander Duly. (Forgot to record date — GSL).

Page 13. Mortgage by Marshall Leach to B. J. Chambers. Nov 1818.

There are many more records to review for the Leach name. Below is an extraction from the Deed Index for Scott County, Kentucky.

1817-1818 Deed Book D [17]

Page 391, Leach from Bradford

page 190(?), Leach from Clarke

Page 167, Leach from Tilford

1821-1823 Deed Book E [18]

Page 258, Leach to Dave(?)

Page 268, Leach to Clayton

1821-1825 Deed Book F [19]

Page 17, Leach to Wills

Page 22, Leach to Stone

Page 136, Leach to Leach

1825-1829 Deed Book G [20]

Page 156, Leach to Clayton

Page 335, Leach to Clayton

Page 336, Leach to Studier

Page 334, Leach to Neale

Page 302, Leach from Clarke

1829-1831 Deed Book I [21]

Page 148, Leach from Emison

See Attachment E for a detailed listing of Fields family land records in Scott County, Kentucky.

WILLIAM FIELDS ESTATE SETTLEMENT, 1811

Since it is suspected that Joseph Fields married Susannah Leach, some of the Fields court records in Scott County, Kentucky, are included here for investigation and analysis.

Final Settlement

The final settlement of William Fields' estate on June 27, 1811, in Scott County, Kentucky, lists payment to Joseph Fields and William Leach of $2.00 each. Bainbridge was paid $17.23; Hawkins, $40.62 1/12; and Wood, $4.87 1/12. The 1/3 widows dower was $48.83. Sales of the estate property amounted to $43.19 and 2 1/12; mills. James Fields, son of William Fields, was Administrator. [22]

This record links a Joseph Fields with a William Leach. This could be father-in-law and son-in-law if Susannah Leach, daughter of William Leach had married Joseph Fields. Other probate records for William Fields do not include any reference to any other Leach names.

LEACH NAMES IN MARYLAND

Because the Fields surname, and first names similar to the Fields' in Scott County , Kentucky, was found in Montgomery County, Maryland, research was extended to look for Leach families in Montgomery County, Maryland. See Attachment F for the Fields surname in Maryland.

County Development in Maryland

The Fields and Leach families were suspected to have come from Maryland to Scott County, Kentucky, in the late 1700's and early 1800's. Montgomery County, Maryland, was the locality in which both names occurred most frequently. Montgomery was formed from Frederick County, State of Maryland, 6 September 1776. Frederick was formed from Prince George's County, Province of Maryland, 10 June 1748. Prince George's was formed from Charles County, Province of Maryland, 20 May 1695. Charles was formed as an original Province of Maryland county 10 July 1658.

Maryland Marriage Records

1634-1777 Maryland Marriage Records for Leach

Robert Barnes compiled the marriages in Maryland for 1634-1777. [23]

The marriages do not reveal the Leach name in either Frederick or Montgomery County in this volume. In the following table, the number and letter codes in the fourth column refer to the volume number in the county record books with the county coded as two alpha characters: BA = Baltimore; CA = Calvert; PG = Prince George's; QA = Queen Anne's; SM = Saint Mary's; and TA = Talbot.

The number in the last column is the page number in Barnes' book.

Date Groom Bride Volume Compiled book
5 July 1749 Leach, Ambross Eliz. Nearn 2 BA-197 page 108
27 Sep 1770 Leach, John Mary Johnson 2 BA-261 page 108
26 Dec. 1745 Leach, Rich'd Rebecca Levil A QA-51 page 108
1 Dec 1776 Leech, Thomas Eliz. Spalden A SM-137 page 108
7 July 1749 Leech, Amborse Elizabeth Nairn 2 BA-243 page 108
1 June 1746 Leech, Philip Sarah Nearn 2 BA-213 page 108
6 Sep. 1764 Cooper, Jas Keziah Leach 2 BA-226 page 39
7 Feb 1739 Davice, Wm. Mary Leech 1 QA-45 page 46
25 Nov. 1777 King, John Susannah Leach 3 PG-130 page 103
14 July 1730 Little, William Elizabeth Leach 2 TA-149 page 111
15 May 1748 Taylor, Nathan Elizabeth Leach 1QA-54 page 176
28 July 1777 Lee, Charles Mary Leach 3 CA page 203

1778-1800 Maryland Marriage Records for Leach

Robert Barnes compiled the following Leach marriages in Maryland for 1778-1800. [24]

The number in the third column is the page number in the compiled book.

Only two of the Leach marriages occurred in Montgomery County where the families being researched are believed to have originated.

The number and letter codes in the second column refer to the volume number in the county record books with the county coded as two alpha characters: AA = Anne Arundel; BA = Baltimore; CH = Charles; FR = Frederick; DO = Dorchester; MO = Montgomery; and PG = Prince George's.

Date Groom Bride Volume & Page Compiled book
1 Oct 1780 Leach, John Susanna Hinton 2 PG-3 page 133
15 April 1784 Leach, Jno. Sarah Holton 11 BA-7 page 133
25 Dec 1796 Leach, Jno Rachel Bowman 5 MO-113 page 133
2 Oct 1796 Leach, Walter Charlotte Lynch 4 FR page 133
13 July 1789 Leech, Jeremiah Jenny West 2 DO page 135
13 Dec. 1795 Leech, Jno. Elizabeth Howard 29 BA-7 page 135
9 Feb. 1786 Davis, Daniel Mary Leech 11 BA-9 page 53
4 April 1787 Duncan, James Sarah Leach 2 CH-235 page 63
22 Aug. 1778 Edwards, John Mary Leech 4 MO-1 page 66
14 Sept. 1794 Kelly, Emanual Sarah Leach 6 BA page 125
21 Nov. 1794 Smith, Nathaniel Elizabeth Leech 4 AA page 210
22 Mar. 1789 Smith, Thos. Verlinda Leach 2 PG-4 page 211
8 Feb. 1796 Woolford, James Jane Leach 2 DO page 256

Patriots Lists for Leach and Allied Families

1776-1783

By 1996, Henry C. Peden, Jr., had produced several books in a series on the Revolutionary Patriots of Maryland. Montgomery County was the seventh in the series. [25]

This book is a very concise summary of a multitude of references for specific names found in the county, state, and federal records. Many of the records cited in the list are included in this research report in a more expanded form. Following is a specific listing of the material found in the book for the LEACH name.

"LEACH (LEITCH), Benjamin. Took the Oath of Allegiance before the Hon. Gerrard Briscoe on March 2, 1778 [Ref: T-3:57, L-1:42]. "Benjamin Leitch" was a private, 5th Co., Upper Bn., Militia, Aug 30, 1777 [Ref: M-94]. "Benjamin Leach" lived in Sugar Loaf Hd. (one taxable) on 1777 [Ref: R-31:10].

LEACH (LEITCH), James. (1) Private 3rd Co., Upper Bn., Militia, Aug 30, 1777 [Ref: M-193]. (2) Private, 1st Co., Middle Bn., Militia, Aug 30, 1777 [Ref: M-195].

LEACH (LEECH, LEITCH), Jeremiah (b. 1749). "Jeremiah Leitch" was a private who was enrolled in a company of militia for the services of the Flying Camp on Oct. 15, 1776 [Ref: B-353]. "Jeremiah Leech" lived in George Town Hd. in 1776 [Ref: K-1:194], and "Jeamspile [?] Leach" [sic] lived in Sugar Loaf Hd. (one taxable) in 1777 [Ref: R-31:10].

LEACH (LEITCH), John. Private, 7th Co., Middle Bn., Militia, Sep. 1777 [Ref: M-197, T-5:42]. Took the Oath of Allegiance before the Hon. Gerrard Briscoe on March 2, 1778 [Ref: T-3:56, L-1:42] Lived in Seneca Hd. (one taxable) in 1777 [Ref: R-31:8].

LEACH (LEITCH), Josiah. "Josiah Leitch" was a private, 5th Co., Upper Bn., Militia, Aug. 30, 1777 [Ref: M-194]. "Josiah Leach" took the Oath of Allegiance before the Hon. Gerrard Briscoe on March 2, 1778 [Ref: T-3:57, L-1:42]. Lived in Sugar Loaf Hd. (one taxable) in 1777 [Ref: R-

31:10].

LEACH, Mary. See "John Edwards," q.v.

LEACH, Richard. Private, 7th Co., Middle Bn., Militia, Sep., 1777 [Ref: M-197, T: 5:42].

LEACH (LEECH, LEITCH), Thomas (c1747-c1790). Son of William Leach [Ref: V-82]. "Thomas Leach" took the Oath of Allegiance before the Hon. Gerrard Briscoe on March 2, 1778 [Ref: T-3:56, L-1:42]. "Thomas Leitch" was a private, 1st Co., Middle Bn., Militia, Aug. 30, 1777 [Ref: M-195]. "Thomas Leech" was a private, 5th Co., Middle Bn., Militia, July 15, 1780 [Ref: M-203]. "Thomas Leach" lived in Seneca Hd. (one taxable) in 1777. He married Elizabeth Riggs [Ref: R-31:8, DAR-I:405].

LEACH (LEECH, LEITCH), William. (1) Private, 4th Co., Middle Bn., Militia, Sep., 1777 [Ref: M-196, T-5:39]. (2) Private, 3rd Co., Middle Bn., Militia, Sep., 1777 [Ref: M-196, T-5:38]. Private, 8th Class, 2nd Co., iddle Bn., Militia, July 15, 1780 [Ref: M-201]. (3) Private, 5th Co., Upper Bn., Militia, Aug. 30, 1777 [Ref: M-194]. "William Leach, Jr." and "William Leach, Sr." took the Oath of Allegiance before the Hon. Gerrard Briscoe on March 2, 1778 [Ref: T-3:56, L-1:42]. "William Leitch" took the Oath of Allegiance on Sep. 1, 1780, under the Act of May 12, 1780, having neglected to do so previously "due to ignorance of the duty owed the country." [Ref: R-27:115]. "William Leech" lived in the Upper Part of Newfoundland Hd. (one taxable), "William Leach, Sr." lived in Seneca Hd. (one taxable), "William Leach" (one taxable) lived in Sugar Loaf Hd. in 1777, and another "William Leach" lived in the Upper Part of Potomac Hd. (one taxable) in 1777 [Ref: R-31:6, R-31:8, R-31:10, R- 31:14]. One rendered aid by providing wheat for use of the military in 1780 and 1781 [Ref: O-328, O-415]. "William Leach, Sr., planter' died testate in Montgomery County (wife named Mary) [see note below] in 1781 and mentioned sons Thomas and William, Jr. [Ref: V-82].

Note: Even though the last citation names the wife of William Leach, Sr. as Mary, the will record names her as Martha. [26]

1778 Patriots List

There is a list of patriots in Montgomery County, Maryland, that was published by Brumbaugh and Hodges. [27] This list is "Patriots' Oath of Fidelity and Support, 1778, The Worshipful Gerrard Briscoe's Returns." The list is dated "Montgomery County, 2d March 1778."

The list includes the following individuals with the entry number next to each name.

The Pack names were added to this list because Abraham Fields is known to have married Johanna Pack (aka Johana Peck) 19 March 1778.[28] There may be other names on this list that are directly related or associated with the Fields or Leach families but for whom the names are not known at this time.

Number Name
23 Pack, William, Sr.
63 Pack, Thomas
70 Leach, William Jr.
71 Fields, Abraham
72 Leach, Thomas
73 Leach, John
85 Leach, William S.
103 Pack, Richard
128 Fields, Mathew
147 Leach, Benjamin
148 Leach, Josiah

If the list of oaths is assumed to be representative of the neighborhood in which the individuals lived, it would appear that William Leach, Jr, Abraham Fields, Thomas Leach, and John Leach lived next to each other in that order. Benjamin and Josiah Leach are listed next to each other but not near others in the list. The remaining names are listed separately and not in close proximity to any of the others.

There is another Montgomery County, Maryland list in the Brumbaugh and Hodges publication.[29] This one is "The Worshipful Edward Burgess' Returns." It is a much longer list but does not contain as many names of interest. The listing number precedes the name: 79 Leck [sic], Joseph; and 400 Fields, Joseph. These two are the only names that look familiar to the associates of Fields and Leach.

1780-1781

There is one William Leach mentioned in Montgomery County, Maryland, in a list prepared by Richard B. Miller, Ph.D. [30]

It is worthwhile to recite the entire article to get a flavor of the times in which our ancestors were making their individual decisions to break with their mother country.

Wars and rebellions cost money. Not only is it necessary

for those who control the strings to the money bags from which

come payment for arms and ammunition, food and fodder, but

unless the cause is a highly united one, there is the constant

danger that many men, even friends and neighbors may find it

only too easy to lead their lives in accustomed ways, and to let

others do what is necessary to support a "cause." So it was

throughout Maryland and especially in Baltimore county, as to

the enthusiasm that led to the break with Britain, for rebellious

sentiment did not run high, and many found it easy to be a Tory

today, but to maintain a more pacific role tomorrow, unless there

was some strong determinant. Acts were passed by the local

Councils of Safety, and even by the Assembly of Maryland creating

(page102)

authority for their representatives to seize and sell at public

sale a man's personal property, e.g., cattle, other livestock,

and grain to create revenue equal to three times the amount of

the normal levy — the so-called and hated "treble tax"; even

certain civil rights could be withheld. Those who sought to

carry out those "police duties" laid on them by higher authority

often did so at great risk to their own property and persons.

The problems arose even before public affairs had reached the

point of a formal Declaration of Independence from the mother

country.

& The Assembly did recognize, however, that there were

certain circumstances that represented valid, or at least

acceptable, excuses for a man's not adhering to the letter of

the law -  a lease within reasonable time limits, - and from time

to time passed Acts that legalized some of these exceptions.

Thus during the very period during which the Assembly was

recording the ordinary patriots, they passed major acts of

exception. Many researchers, not finding their ancestors in the

original lists have interpreted this to mean they were Tory

sympathizers, thus precluding membership in patriotic societies.

Few, indeed, know that there can be found at the Hall of Records,

beautifully preserved and bound in Kilty's Laws of Maryland,

Liber TBN (1779-1781), at least three Acts of the Assembly to

provide for many exceptional cases. Such a short span of time

makes little or no practical difference; but for the benefit

of others who might want to locate the originals, I am designating

these three major Acts in the ensuing material by the Roman

numerals I, II, III, so that the Arabic numbers may be attached to

them for the easy location in the bound volumes.

Act I, dated 12'14 May 1789 (pages 228-233) required each

person to sign the required Oath of Fidelity on or before 1 Sep

1780 to be relieved of the treble tax and other penalties, and

in order to have his signature duly recorded in books specifi-

cally set aside for this purpose in the Clerk's office.

Act II, dated x Jul 1780 (pages 298-300) accomplished

the same purpose, but extended the time for signature to

1 Oct 1780.

Act III, dated 14'15 Jan 1781 (pages 366-368), provided

a further extension to 1 May 1781. All three Acts bore the same

title: "An Act for the relief of certain Non-Jurors".

(page 103)

Several excuses, or combination thereof; were considered

acceptable to permit an individual's name being included in one

of those petitions for such relief. Nowhere does it appear to

be made clear just who made the determination as to acceptability

nor what proof or confirmatory evidence was expected or required

to be presented by the petitioner to justify his mere verbal

statement. In any event, his neglect could be described under

one of the following categories. Since the purposes of this

article do not require high precision under these circumstances,

I have reduced them to just three categories which have

been included in the following Table wherein a man's neglect

"to take the Oath or Affirmation of Support and Fidelity to this

State to support the Freedom and Independence of which by the

Act for the better Security of the Government they were enjoined

to do but that such Neglect was not owing to a want of Attach-

ment to this State or inclination to support the Freedom and

Independence of America, but because of being ignorant of the

Duty they owe their Country". This ignorance (a) itself might

have several sources: (1) the petitioner claimed pure lack of

knowledge; (2) whether or not he had been aware of his duty, he

had been "influenced by the advice and example of designing men";

or (3) the petitions themselves as issued by the Assembly had not

reached the intended county by scheduled dates, thereby failing

to provide required information regarding duty to sign and

penalties (treble tax, and loss of civil privileges, e.g.,

voting, holding office), as well as preventing actual signature.

Or (b) his "neglect" because of sickness or other unavoid-

able accident prevented him for taking the Oath or Affirmation

of Support and Fidelity to this State as by the Act for the

better security of the Government.

TABLE OF NON-JURORS PETITIONERS

In Maryland 1780-1781 (Kilty)

Code for County Designations:

County Code County Code
Anne(e) Arundel A Kent K
Baltimore B Montgomery M
Cecil C Prince Georges P
Charles CH Queens Annes Q
Caroline CR St. Marys SM
Calvert CV Talbot T
Frederick F Washington W
Harford H

Signers of the Oath of Fidelity

Signers County Act Relief Page
Leitch, William M I a 230

(There are approximately three pages of names in this list. No other names on the list appear to be associated with the Leach/Leech/Leitch names as of December 16, 2003).

MONTGOMERY COUNTY, MARYLAND TAX LISTS

1777

Eleanor M.V. Cook published a list of Montgomery County, Maryland taxpayers in the Maryland Genealogy Society Bulletin in 1990. [31]

"1777 TAX LIST OF MONTGOMERY COUNTY

The following list was submitted by Eleanor M.V. Cook. A copy of the list was recently accessioned by the Maryland Archives. Mrs. Cook alerts researchers in Montgomery County to this and other little-known sources in her recent book, "Guide to the Records of Montgomery County," published by Family Line Publica tions. In her book, she describes the many sources of Montgomery County genealogy. Particularly noteworthy is her list of church records which far exceeds any previous listing.

These following tax records are captioned, "Levy List 1777." The chief portion of the listing is in the same format found in tax assessments throughout the state. At this time all free males over the age of 16, plus all slaves over the age of 16, were taxed at the rate of 26 lbs. of tobacco. Clergymen and men owning no property were excepted. In the list the abbreviation, secty., refers to the person guaranteeing payment as security. The phrase, quarter, refers to a working plantation, often with over- seer and slaves, separate from the owner's dwelling plantation Where women's names are given, they are the owners and are taxed on the basis of males and slaves in the household but not on themselves. The number following each name is the number of taxables in the household.

Following the tax assessments are the record of payments and

fines during the previous year.

GEORGE TOWN HUNDRED

No Leach or Fields listed.

UPPER PART OF NEWFOUNDLAND HUNDRED

Leech, William, 1

SENICA HUNDRED

Fields, Abraham, 1

Leach, Thomas, 1

Leach, William Senr., 1

Leach, John, 1

Pack, Thomas, 2

Pack, William, 1

Pack, Joannah, 1

LINGANORE HUNDRED

No Leach or Fields listed.

SUGAR LOAF HUNDRED

Leach, William, 1

Leach, Benjamin, 1

Leach, Josiah, 1

Leach, Jeamspile [?], 1

SUGARLAND HUNDRED

Fields, Joseph, 1

Fields, James, 1

Fields, Mathew, 1

UPPER PART OF POTOMACK HUNDRED

Field, John, 1

Leach, William, 1"

1777 Montgomery County, Maryland Tax Lists [32]

After identifying several plantation names in the Maryland land records, research was conducted in the tax records for those plantation names. The list, alphabetically arranged by surname, gives a sense of the size of the land parcels and a limited description of each parcel. An extraction of those records follows. The monetary units appear to be pounds, shillings, and pence.

Leach, Mary

"William & John" — 44 acres , value 16-10

1 log dwelling house

30 acres cleared, sapling land and thin soil

Leach, Thomas

"Orpus Resurveyed" — 16 acres, value 6

No improvements listed

Chiefly cleared

"William & John" — 60 acres, value 30

1 log dwelling house, 2 old out houses

45 acres cleared, thin sapling land

Leach, William

"Coles Chance" — 24 1/4; acres, value 12

No improvements listed

18 miles from Georgetown, Sapling Land

"Rays Chance" — 12 acres, value 6

No improvements listed

20 miles from Georgetown, Mean Land

"Leaches Lott" — 108 1/34; acres, 46 acres [sic]

No improvements listed

18 miles from Georgetown, Sapling Land

"Mitchel's Range" — 46 acres, value 23

No improvements listed

18 miles from Georgetown, Sapling land

1777 Tax List, Part of Upper Newfoundland [33]

William Leach

Amount Pound rate
Personal property 81.5.0 0.8.1

1783 Montgomery County, Maryland Tax Lists [34]

Sugarland & Upper Potomac Hundreds

"Leaches Lott" — 25 acres

Benjamin Ray, value 18

No improvements listed

18 miles from Georgetown, Sapling land

"Leaches Lott" — 20 1/14; acres

Daniel St. Thomas Jenifer, value 13

No improvements listed

39(?) miles from Georgetown, Sapling Land

"Leaches Lott — 108 1/34; acres

William Leach, value 54

No improvements listed

18 miles from Georgetown, Sapling land


Sugarland & Upper Potomac Hundreds

"Coles Chance" — 37 1/34; acres

Benjamin Ray, value 27

No improvements listed

18 miles from Georgetown, 15 acres cleared, Sapling Land

"Coles Chance" — 24 1/14; acres

William Leach, value 12

No improvements listed

18 miles from Georgetown, Sapling Land

Sugarland & Upper Potomac Hundreds

"Mitchel's Range" — 213 acres

Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, value 160

No improvements listed

17 miles from Georgetown, Sapling Land

"Mitchel's Range" — 46 acres

William Leach, value 23

No improvements listed

18 miles from Georgetown, Sapling Land

Sugarland & Upper Potomac Hundreds

"Rays Chance" — 224 acres

Benjamin Ray, value 169

1 dwelling house, tobacco house, 1 log kitchen

18 miles from Georgetown, 50 acres cleared, Sapling Land

"Rays Chance" — 224 acres

John Ray, value 168

1 dwelling house, 1 barn, other out houses

21 miles from Georgetown, 100 acres cleared, Sapling Land

"Rays Chance" — 12 acres

William Leach, value 6

No improvements listed

20 miles from Georgetown, Mean land

Upper Newfoundland & Seneca Hundreds

"Orpus Resurveyed" — 231 acres

William Moore, value 202-2-6

2 log dwelling houses, 1 framed barn 24x36

80 acres cleared, 15 acres Marsh, Sapling Land and Midling Soil

"Orpus Resurveyed" — 96 acres

Samuel Hardesty, value 96

No improvements listed

30 acres cleared, Sapling Land and Midling Soil

"Orpus Resurveyed" — 16 acres

Thomas Leach, value 6

No improvements listed

Chiefly cleared

See the discussion following 1763 Deed William Leach, Senior, from Clementius Davis in Frederick County, Maryland regarding the alternative names for this tract of land.

Upper Newfoundland & Seneca Hundreds

"William & John" — 120 acres

Thomas Kelly, value 90

1 log dwelling house, 1 framed tobacco house & 2 out houses

90 acres cleared, 2 1/2 acres Marsh, then Sapling Land

"William & John"

Thos. Leach, value 30

1 log dwelling house, 2 old out houses

45 acres cleared, then Sapling Land

"William & John" — 44 acres

Mart Leach, value 16-10

1 log dwelling house

30 acres cleared, Sapling Land and then thin soil

"William & John" — 437 acres

Richard Wooton, value 393

2 small log houses, corn:tobacco house,

30 miles from Germantown, 80 acres arable land of midling quality,

   the remainder wooded level sapling land

"William & John" — 207 acres

John Babbit Thompson, value 78

A small log dwelling house, 30 miles from Georgetown

40 acres arable land much worn, the remainder wooded poor land

"William & John" — 184 acres

Hardage Lane, value 138

A small tenement with small improvements. 30 miles from Georgetown

40 acres arable land, midling soil, the remainder wooded, thin condition

"William & John" — 167 acres

Daniel Henry value 125

No improvements. Do not know anything of this land, have assessed it from old list

"William & John," pt of — 134 acres

Zach'r Offiett, value 100

A small tenement with small improvements. 30 miles

from Georgetown. 50 acres arable land, very thin,

the remainder wooded thin land

"William & John," pt of - 85 acre

Edward Northcraft, value 63-10

No improvements listed. 30 miles from Georgetown, wooded saplin [sic] land

"William & John," pt of — 110 acres

John Jones, value 110

Old framed dwelling, logg [sic] kitchen & tobacco house

38 miles from Georgetown. 70 acres arable land, part much worn,

the remainder wooded level land

"Wm & John," pt of - 65 acres

Nathaniel Ducker, value 48-15

A small dwelling house, kitchen, corn & tobacco house

much worn, the remainder wooded thin saplin land

1778 Montgomery County Taxables [35]

Following is a brief extraction from a compiled list of taxable males, aged 18 and over, in Montgomery County, Maryland in 1778. Notes indicate that 18-year-olds in some districts may not have been listed.

Georgetown Hundred — No Leach or Fields names

Rock Creek Hundred — No Leach or Fields names

Northwest Hundred — No Leach or Fields names

Lower Potomack Hundred — No Leach or Fields names

Seneca Hundred — John Leach, Thomas Leach, William Leach,

Abraham Fields, Mathews Fields

Upper Newfoundland Hundred — Henry Leeke, Sr., Joseph Leeke

Lower Newfoundland Hundred — No Leach or Fields

Upper Potomack Hundred — William Leach, John Fields

Lingamore Hundred — No Leach or Fields

Sugarloaf Hundred — James Leath, Josias Leath

Sugarland Hundred — James Fields, Joseph Fields, (no Leach)

MONTGOMERY COUNTY, MARYLAND PROBATE RECORDS

1781 William Leach, Planter

The will for William Leach, planter, was made August 7, 1779, and recorded January 3, 1781, in the Montgomery County, Maryland court. [36]

(page 12)

In the name of God Amen, I William Leatch [sic] Sen'r of Montgomery

County & State of Maryland Planter, being in perfect mind and memory

do call to mind the certainty of death, Therefore do make and ordain

this my last will and testament. That is to say: First and principally

(page 13)

I recommend my soul unto the hands of Almighty God that gave it trusting through the mediation of our Saviour Jesus Christ to receive pardon & remission

of all my sins my body to be decently buried at the discretion of my Executrix and

as touching my worldly Estate wherewith it hath pleased Almighty God to bless

me with I give & dispose in the following manner & form

Imprimis I give and bequeath unto Mary Leach widow of my son John Leach

deceased Forty four Acres of land lying in the County aforesaid being part of a tract

of land called the William & John the said land to be laid of(sic) in the following

manner beginning at the end of Eighty five perches on the twelfth line of the

Original tract and running across said land to include the above mentioned

number of Acres on the South side of the last mentioned line the aforesaid parcel

of land I give to her, her heirs & assigns forever. ~

Item ~ I give and bequeath unto my dearly beloved son Thomas Leach all the

remainder parts or parcels of land lying in the County aforesaid being part

of a tract of land called the William & John containing sixty Acres of land

more or less it being the place where my dwellings now is and likewise

part of a tract of land called the Resurvey on Orphus containing sixteen

Acres of land more or less. The aforesaid tracts or parcels of lands, I give

to him his heirs and assigns forever, ~

Item ~ I give and bequeath unto my dearly beloved son William Leach

Jun'r five shillings Currancy(sic) of the State aforesaid to him his heirs and

assigns forever,

Item ~ I give and bequeath unto my dearly beloved daughter Martha

Fields five shillings currency of the State aforesaid to him [sic] his [sic] heirs and

assigns forever,

Item ~ I give and bequeath unto my dearly beloved daughterNancy

Leach all my personal Estate to her, her heirs and assigns forever,

Lastly, I do constitute and appoint my dearly beloved wife Martha

Leach whole and sole Executrix of this my last will and Testament

revoking and making void all other will or wills by me heretofore

made ratifying and confirming this my last will & Testament ~

In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this twenty

seventh day of August in the year of our Lord One Thousand Seven hun-

dred and Seventy Nine.                                                    his

Signed, Sealed, Published and declared         William + Leach Sn'r {Seal}

by the within Testators to be his last       }                mark

will and Testament in Presents [sic] of us}

                               his

              Thomas + Kelly

                          mark

              John Suter

              Benj'n Williams

Montgomery County January 3rd 1781 Then came Thomas Kelly

and Benjamin Williams two of the subscribing witnesses to the within

last will & Testament of William Leach late of said County de-

ceased, and made Oath on the Holy Evangels of Almighty God that

did see the Testator therein named sign and seal this will and

                                    (page 14)

that they heard him publish, pronounce and declare the same to

be his last Will & Testament & that at the time of his so doing he

was to the best of their Apprehension(sic) of sound and disposing mind-

memory and understanding and that they and John Suter the other

subscribing witness to this will respectively subscribed their names

to this will in the presence & at the request of the Testator and in

the presence of each other, ~

                        Certified by     Samuel Turner             Register of Wills"

The will cited above was also abstracted in a book that was published in 1977. [37]

One of the daughters of William Leach, Sr. and Martha (?), is listed as Martha. Could this Martha be the wife of James Fields who is found in Scott County, Kentucky in the early 1800's? Further, William Leach, Jr.'s daughter, Susannah, probably married Joseph Fields, the son of James and Martha (Leach) Fields.

William Leach, Jr. and Martha Leach are siblings. Their children would be first cousins. Susannah, the daughter of William Leach, Jr. and Joseph, the son of Martha (Leach) Fields were first cousins.

1811 Codicil for Clagett

The author of this monograph also copied part of another abstract from the same book. [38] The deceased testator's name, will and probate dates, and liber numbers were on a prior page from the one that was copied. This prior page will need to be acquired at some future date. The remainder of the Clagett abstraction follows.

"Children:  Thomas and Mary Anna Clagett166 a. where testator now residesdeed to her by William Leach 2 Apr 1803

Samuel Clagett — 51 1/34; a. "Laws Purchase" on Muddy Branch deeded to

                                          her 20 Nov 1809

Children:Ann Clagett, Elizabeth Fisher, William Clagett, Samuel Clagett,

                 Thomas Clagett and Mary Anna Clagett

Exs:  Henry Jones of Edward and son William Clagett

Wit:  Charles H.W. Wharton, Charles Offutt, James Lackland

Codicil dated 28 Oct 1811

Within three months after testator's decease personal property to be sold

and Gerard Brooke, Henry Warren, and James Lackland, trustees, to buy negro, John Ayres and free him and pay him interest on remainder of money. After his decease, money to go to four youngest children: William Clagett, Samuel Clagett, Thomas Clagett and May Anna Clagett.

Wit: A. Taney, C.H.W. Wharton"

1785 Deed from William Leach to Benjamin Ray

An indenture was made April 1, 1785 and recorded May 20, 1785 between William Leach, seller, and Benjamin Ray, buyer, for several parcels of land. [39] The land and principals were all in Montgomery County, Maryland. Sale price was fourteen pounds current money. The tracts were "two acres and one half acre of Land part of the resurvey on Leaches Lott, seven acres part of Coles Chance and four acres and one quarter acre part of the Resurvey on Mitchells Range…containing thirteen acres and three quarters of an acre of Land." This thirteen and three quarters of an acre are part of a Tract of Land called Leaches Lott, Originally on the eight [sic] Day of October one thousand and seven Hundred & Sixty, granted to William Leach for twenty five acres, and running thence north Eleven Degrees West  one Hundred and Sixty five perches, North eighty eigh [sic] Degrees West fourteen Perches and one half perch, to a stone planted In at [sic] alley with the Letters BR on the east Side of said Stone, then South eleaven [sic] Degrees east one Hundred and Sixty eight perches and one half perch, to another planted Stone with the letters WL, on the west side of Said Stone, then to the first Beginning and now laid out for thirteen acres and three quarters of an acre of land more or less. Joseph Wilson and George Beall were witnesses. At the same day came Mary the wife of the said William Leachand relinquished her Right of Dower.

1787 Bankruptcy

William Leach, gentleman, asked that a deed be entered with Leach as trustee of the estate of James Stewart, planter, who was bankrupt. It was made 17 November 1787 and recorded 20 November 1787.[40] Debtors and amounts owed were listed as Robert Owen L9.15.0, Benjamin Penn 4/4, John Bates 3/, Thomas Weeden 3/6, Amos Williams 10/0, Forrest Davis 7/9, George Walker 5/3, William House 1/, James Perry 2/7, John Gray 3/9, and Simon Nichols 6/7. The numbers listed above are cited as written in the deed. The witnesses to the indenture were Richd Wooten and Lawrence Neale.

1796 Deed between William Leach and Joshua Crow

This deed and the one following appear to be for a different William Leach than the ones who are the subject of this research paper. The wife's name and the property owned do not conform to the ones associated with the Leaches that went to Scott County, Kentucky.

This deed was made March 8, 1796 and recorded June 25, 1796. [41] William Leatch (aka Leach) purchased two tracts of land in Montgomery County for three hundred and six pounds from Joshua Crow and Mary his wife. Both parties were from Montgomery County, Maryland. The two parcels are part of Owens Resurvey and Abells Levels. The first tract in Owens Resurvey is one hundred and thirty six and one quarter acres. The second tract is in Abels Levels and contains sixteen and one half acres and five square poles of land.

Witnesses were Rich'd Green and Charles Magruder. Mary Crow was interviewed apart from her husband and relinquished her dower.

The back of the deed contained an endorsement for full payment of the 306 pounds current money on March 8, 1796. This payment was witnessed by H. Davidge and Charles Magruder.

1798 Deed: William Leach and wife Althea to Ninian Magruder and Nathan Cook

This deed was made and recorded the 25th day of September 1798. William Leach and his wife, Althea, sold the same two parcels to Ninian Magruder and Nathan Cook that William bought March 8, 1796. Sale price was three hundred forty three pounds thirteen shillings and nine pence. These parcels were one hundred and thirty six and one quarter acres in Owens Resurvey and sixteen and one half acres and five square poles of land in Abels Levels.

John L. Summers and Elemelech Swearingen were witnesses and Justices of the Peace. Althea Leach relinquished her dower

1803 Deed William and Mary Leach to Ann Clagett

The indenture was made April 2, 1803 and recorded July 21, 1803. [42] William Leach and Mary his wife sold a parcel to Ann Clagett for seven hundred and forty nine pounds five shillings current money. Both parties were of Montgomery County, Maryland. (See 1785 Deed from William Leach to Benjamin Ray for sale of adjacent land).

The parcel was "part of Leatches Lott being a resurvey on Leatches Lott part of Coles Chance part of Mitchells Range and part of the resurvey on Rays Chance all to hich [sic] are included in the following courses and distances viz Beginning at a bounded white oak it being the beginning tree of a tract of land now the property of Zachariah Offutt and called Coopers Choice (alias) Coopers Folly and running thence with said land south seventy three degrees east One hundred perches south fifteen degrees east thirty six perches then north sixty nine degrees east fifty five perches to a stone marked WL on the west side then north twelve degrees west one hundred and sixty four perches to a stone marked BR on the east side then north four degrees west twelve and a half perches to a stone then north forty six and an half degrees west ninety two perches to a stone then south fifty five degrees west twenty perches to a stone then south thirty eight degrees west fifty seven perches to a stone north seventy four degrees west three and an half perches to a stone south six and an half degrees west thirty eight perches to a stone then south five degrees west ninety three and an half perches to a stone north eighty nine degrees east twenty four perches to the given line of the aforesaid tract of land called Coopers Choice (alias) Coopers Folly then by a straight line to the first beginning containing and now laid out for one hundred and sixty six and an half acres of land more or less"

Wm Smithand Ja's Lackland were witnesses and Justices of the Peace. "At the same time came Mary the wife of the said William before us and she being by us privately examined out of the hearing of her husband renounced all her right and title of dower"

This William and Mary Leach are believed to be the same William and Mary Leach who resided in Scott County, Kentucky.

There is record of a will for William Leach in the Scott County, Kentucky, Wills and Estates. [43] , [44] It was dated 22 April 1813 and recorded 5 August 1822. It lists wife, Mary Leach, and children Benton Leach, Henry Leach, Rebecca Leach, Betsy Peak, Nancy ----, Susannah Fields, Ruthy Peak, Polly Brown, Ara--- ----, Harriet Holden, Walter Leach, and William B. Leach. Witnesses were F. Bradford, Younger Pitts, and James West. William B. Leach, Henry Leach, and James Duly were appointed Executors and Administrators of the estate of William Leach. Part of the record had been damaged by fire so it was incomplete as transcribed.

FREDERICK COUNTY, MARYLAND RECORDS

Land in early Maryland was not "owned" by individuals. "Up until 1766, all the land in Maryland belonged to the Proprietors of Maryland — the Lord's Baltimore. Pieces of property were leased or rented from them through their agents for specified periods of time (usually three generations or the lives of three named persons) for annual rents paid in either tobacco or silver.

The "Leasee" would never really own the property even though he would build a house, barn and other structures, till the ground and plant crops, but he could "sell" or transfer his rights of use to someone else after  getting authorization to do so and paying the small "alienation" fine." [45] An "alienation fine" was like a modern filing fee for a land transaction.

1755 Deed William Leach, Sen'r from John Jones

A eed was made in Frederick County, Maryland on 28 April 1755 and recorded 12 May 1755 for a purchase by William Leach, Sen'r, Planter, from John Jones, son of Even. [46] A "Consideration of the Sum of Twenty pounds Sterling of Great Britain" was paid for "that Tract or Parcel of Land which has been layed out to the said William Leach Called the William & John Lying in Frederick County Aforesaid…Containing one Hundred and four Acres of Land" Signed by John Jones.

On 28 April 1755, Hannah Jones, wife of John Jones "did Acknowledge her Right of Dower to be the Right of William LeachJohn Rawlins and David Lynn were witnesses to both documents.

"Rec'd 12th May 1755, of William Leach the Sum of four Shillings & two pence Sterling as an Alienation fine on the Within Mentioned One hundred & four acres of Land by Order of Edward Loyd Esq'r Agent of the Right Honble [sic] the Lord Propry(sic) of Maryland. ss John Darnall."

1759 Deed William Leach Jun'r from Joseph Cole

This deed was made 27 June 1759 and recorded 9 July 1759 for land in Frederick County, Maryland. [47] William Leach, Junior, Mason, Frederick County, Maryland, paid "Twenty four pounds Fifteen Shillings Current Money" to Joseph Cole of Prince Georges County, Maryland. The tract was known asColes Chance and contained sixty two acres of land. It was described as "Beginning at a Bounded White oak Standing on the Muddy Branch & near the Mouth of a Branch called the Rich Branch"

The witnesses were Cha's Jones and Andrew Hough. Joseph Cole made his mark.

Rachel Cole, wife of Joseph Cole acknowledged her right of dower to William Leach.

"9th July 1769 Rec'd from Wm Leach Jun'r Two shillings and six pence Sterling as an alienation fine on the within mentioned Sixty acres of Land by order of Edward Loyd Esq'r Agent of his Lordship the Right Honorable the Lord Proprietary of Maryland. Duty paid same dayJn Darnall Clk.

1763 Deed William Leach, Senior, from Clementius Davis

At the request of William Leach, Senior, a deed was recorded on April 21st 1763 that had been made April 8th 1763. [48] Cementius Davis sold Leach, a Planter, a parcel for ten pounds sterling. Both were of Frederick County, Maryland. This was for sixteen acres "of land lying at Head of the twenty Second line of the Resurvey on Arpos[?]" [Could this be the same property identified as Orpus Resurveyedin several other land transactions?]

David Lynn and Henery Gittings were witnesses.  On the back of the deed there was an endorsement that William Leach, Senior, had paid ten pounds sterling for the parcel. The same witnesses were listed. The wife of Clementius Davis, Ellen Mary[?], reliquished her right of dower to William Leach, Sen'r. on April 8th 1763.

April 21st 1763, William Leach, Senior, paid an alienation fee of eight pence[?] sterling to John Darnall.

At first glance, this would appear to be a different William Fields for a different land parcel from the ones already identified. However, that may not be the case. In a 1783 tax list, Thomas Leach is identified as being on a 16 acre parcel on Orpus Resurveyed. Resurvey on Arpos  appears to be this same tract. William Leach, father of a Thomas Leach, had died in 1781. His will gave a tract called Resurvey on Orphus to his son Thomas Leach. It appears as if the same parcel of land is identified with three slightly different names.

1769 Josiah Leach Supersedeas Writ

The following quote is listed in the abstract book by Patricia Abelard Andersen. The author of this report has not seen this record. Evidently, a court judgement had been made against Josiah Leach. He obtained a court writ to halt the implementation of the court order.

"619. Josiah Leach recorded supersedeas against Mary Potter, John Fendall and Cephas James for 40 shillings, taken June 1769 by Charles Jones." [49]

1770 Deed William Leach, Junior, to Benjamin Ray

Benjamin Ray, Carpenter, of Frederick County, Province of Maryland, bought a parcel of land from William Leach, Junior, of the same place, 31 March 1770. [50] It was recorded April 20th, 1770. Consideration was ninety three pound current money of Maryland. The tract was "all that tract or parcel of Land herein after mentioned viz: Thirty four and a half acres part of Coles Chance Twenty three and a half acres part of the Resurvey on Mitchells Range Ten acres part of the Resurvey on Leaches LottTwenty five acres Leaches Lott situated lying and being in Frederick Co aforesaid Containing ninety three Acres Included under the following; Corner Beginning for the Out Lines of the whole at the End of the Second Line called Leaches Lott"  This was signed by William Leach, Junior. Witnesses were David Lynn and Sprigg Wooton.

The Back of the deed was indorsed 30 March 1770 for Ninety Three Pounds Currency and was signed by William Leach, Junior. Testators were the same David Lynn and Sprigg Wooton.

On the same day, Mary Leach, wife of William Leach, Junior, acknowledged her right and dower to Benjamin Ray.

April 18, 1770, Benjamin Ray paid an alienation fine of eight pence half penny sterling.

1770 Deed William Leach, Junior, to Samuel Hardesty

The following deed has not been seen by the author. It is included in an abstract book by Patricia Abelard Anderson.

"636-637. Samuel Hardesty recorded 20 April 1770, made 14 March, between William Leach Junr. For ? 30, sells part of Resurvey on Mitchells Range and the other Coles Chance, M&B given for 58 1/12; acres. Signed William Leach Junr. Before David Lynn, Sprigg Wooton. Mary wife of William Leach released dower. AF paid." [51]

CONCLUSION

From the material in this report, it can be reasonably concluded that the William and Mary [?] Leach who sold land to Ann Clagett in Montgomery County, Maryland in 1803 are the same couple who moved to Scott County, Kentucky. William Leach is found on the tax records in Scott County by 1806 on McCracken's Run, a feeder to Eagle Creek.

William Leach, husband of Mary [?], died by August 5, 1822 in Scott County, Kentucky. His will lists Susannah Fields as one of his children. The information supplied by Ken Leach indicates that Susannah Leach married Joseph Fields. An 1815 land record identifies this William Leach as Senior. He had a son named William B. Leach.

William Leach of 1803 in Montgomery County, Maryland is known as William Leach, Junior, before his father died. The probate files for William Leach, Senior, Planter, recorded January 3, 1781, lists William Leach, Junior as his son. William Leach, Senior, listed Martha as his wife in his will which was made August 7, 1779.

A study by Granville B. Hough surmised that Joseph Fields was the son of James Fields and Martha Leach. [52] Hough lists Martha's maiden name as Leach No reference is given for that information, or for who were her parents. This relationship needs documentation.

William Leach, Senior, Planter, lists his daughter as Martha Fields in his 1779 will in Montgomery County, Maryland.

If Joseph Fields, son of James and Martha (Leach) Fields married Susannah Leach, daughter of William and Mary [?] Leach, they may have been first cousins. Martha Leach is known as the daughter of William and Martha [?] Leach. William Leach who married Mary [?] is the son of William and Martha [?] Leach. If the Martha Leach who married James Fields is the same one as the daughter of William and Martha [?] Leach, this would give Joseph Fields and Susannah Leach the same grandparents through Joseph's mother and Susannah's father.

Abraham Fields is living next to William Leach, Junior, on the 1778 Patriots List for Montgomery County, Maryland. Abraham Fieldsis listed on Eagle Creek, Scott County, Kentucky by 1801. He is known to have brought the two children of Joseph Fields, deceased, with him to Scott County, Kentucky. These were Sarah and Greenberry Fields. Abraham Fields' children are unknown. However, Abraham could be the father of James Fields who married Martha Leach. Even though William Leach, Senior, is living a distance from William Leach, Junior, the Fields family would get to know the elder Leach family during occasional visits.

Focus of Future Research

Additional research needs to be conducted in the Maryland and Kentucky land records to specifically locate the various Leach and Fields holdings. The probate files in both states need to be further analyzed to try and identify the individuals who purchased personal property at the sales following the men's deaths. Usually, most of the purchasers were family members.

Investigation into the land and probate records in Maryland for the Fields families may reveal further clues for relationship to the Leach families.

©

2002

Gerald S. Lenzen

10411 S.W. 41st Ave.

Portland, Oregon 97219-6984

Phone: (503) 244-4357

E-mail: gerrylenzen@comcast.net


[1] Ken Leach, "Re: LEACH/FIELDS" and "LEACH/FIELDS," e-mail messages from <KapnKen@aol.com> (St. Charles, Missouri) to author (Gerald S. Lenzen, 10411 SW 41st Ave., Portland, OR 97219-6984), 25 September 2002 and 11 August 2002.

[2] Ken Leach, "RE: LEACH/FIELDS," e-mail message  from KapnKen@aol.com (Ken Leach, St. Charles, Missouri) to author (Gerald S. Lenzen, 10411 SW 41st Ave., Portland, OR 97219-6984), 25 September 2002.

[3] Ken Leach, "LEACH/FIELDS," e-mail message from <KapnKen@aol.com> (St. Charles, Missouri) to author (Gerald S. Lenzen, 10411 SW 41st Ave., Portland, OR 97219-6984), 11 August 2002.

[4] Leach entries, Tax Books, 1794-1797, 1799-1801, 1805-1812, 1814-1817, Tax Assessor, Georgetown,, Scott County, Kentucky. Various pages each year. Microfilm # 8221, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.

[5] Leach entries, Tax Books, 1819-1823, 1825-1831, 1833, 1835, Tax Assessor, Georgetown,, Scott County, Kentucky. Various pages each year. Microfilm # 8222, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.

[6] Scott County, Kentucky Taxpayers 1794 thru 1799 (Miami Beach, Florida:T.L.C. Genealogy, 1990), 37.

[7] Fields entries, Tax Books, 1794-1797, 1799-1801, 1805-1812, 1814-1817, Tax Assessor, Georgetown, Scott County, Kentucky. Various pages each year. Microfilm # 8221, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.

[8] Fields entries, Tax Books, 1819-1823, 1825-1831, 1833, 1835, Tax Assessor, Georgetown,, Scott County, Kentucky. Various pages each year. Microfilm # 8222, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.

[9] Charles M. Franklin, Scott County, Kentucky, Wills and Estates, 1795-1822 (Indianapolis, Indiana:Heritage House, 1985), 21.

[10] William Leach Will (1813), Scott County Wills and Estates, Book C, page 387, Scott County Clerk's Office, Georgetown, Scott Co., Kentucky. Microfilm No. 183197, Family History Library, Salt Lake City.

[11] William Leach Will (1813), Scott County Wills and Estates, Book C, page 388, Scott County Clerk's Office, Georgetown, Scott Co., Kentucky. Microfilm No. 183197, Family History Library, Salt Lake City.

[12] William Leach Inventory (1822), Scott County Will Book D, pages 1-2, Scott County Clerk's Office, Georgetown, Scott Co., Kentucky. Microfilm no. 183198, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.

[13] William Leach Estate Sale (1822), Scott County Will Book D, pages 4-7, Scott County Clerk's Office, Georgetown, Scott Co., Kentucky. Microfilm no. 183198, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.

[14] Deeds, 1806-1817, Book B, page 279-280, County Clerk, Georgetown, Scott County, Kentucky. Microfilm No. 1876550, Family History Library, Salt Lake City.

[15] Deeds, 1807-1866, Book B, County Clerk, Georgetown, Scott County, Kentucky. Microfilm No. 183209, Family History Library, Salt Lake City.

[16] Deeds, 1807-1866, Book C, County Clerk, Georgetown, Scott County, Kentucky. Microfilm No. 183209, Family History Library, Salt Lake City.

[17] Deeds, 1807-1866, Book D, County Clerk, Georgetown, Scott County, Kentucky. Microfilm No. 183209, Family History Library, Salt Lake City.

[18] Deeds, 1807-1866, Book E, County Clerk, Georgetown, Scott County, Kentucky. Microfilm No. 183209, Family History Library, Salt Lake City.

[19] Deeds, 1807-1866, Book F, County Clerk, Georgetown, Scott County, Kentucky. Microfilm No. 183209, Family History Library, Salt Lake City.

[20] Deeds, 1807-1866, Book G, County Clerk, Georgetown, Scott County, Kentucky. Microfilm No. 183209, Family History Library, Salt Lake City.

[21] Deeds, 1807-1866, Book I, County Clerk, Georgetown, Scott County, Kentucky. Microfilm No. 183209, Family History Library, Salt Lake City.

[22] William Fields Estate Settlement (1811), Scott County Will Book D, pages 451-452, Scott County Clerk's Office, Georgetown, Scott Co., Kentucky. Microfilm no. 183198, Family History Library, Salt lake City, Utah.

[23] Robert Barnes, Compiler, Maryland Marriages 1634-1777 (Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1975).

[24] Robert Barnes, Compiler, Maryland Marriages 1778-1800 (Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1978).

[25] Henry C. Peden, Jr., Revolutionary Patriots of Montgomery County, Maryland, 1776-1783 (Westminster, Maryland: Family Line Publications, 1996), pages i-vii, 1, 196-198.

[26] William Leach Will, Probate Records, Liber B, pages 12-14, Register of Wills, Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland. Microfilm No. 14230, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.

[27] Gaius Marcus Brumbaugh and Margaret Roberts Hodges, Revolutionary Records of Maryland, Part 1 (Washington, D.C.: Rufus Darby Printing Co., 1924), page 2. [This volume is one of only 400 printed].

[28] Robert Barnes, Compiler, Maryland Marriages 1778-1800 (Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1978), page 72.

[29] Gaius Marcus Brumbaugh and Margaret Roberts Hodges, Revolutionary Records of Maryland, Part 1 (Washington, D.C.: Rufus Darby Printing Co., 1924), page 3. [This volume is one of only 400 printed].

[30] Richard B. Miller, "Some Little-Known Data Regarding Maryland Signers of the Oath of Fidelity," Maryland Genealogical Society Bulletin (Winter 1986) vol 27, no. 1, pages 101-104, 115.

[31] Eleanor M.V. Cook, "1777 Tax List of Montgomery County," Maryland Genealogical Society Bulletin (Winter, 1990), vol 31, no. 1, pages 3-15.

[32] Montgomery County Historical Society, Montgomery County Tax Lists 1777, 1783(Rockville, Maryland, no date) Microfilm No. 1001813, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah, 1975.

[33] Montgomery County Historical Society, Montgomery County Tax Lists 1777, 1783 (Rockville, Maryland, no date) Microfilm No. 1001813, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah, 1975.

[34] Montgomery County Historical Society, Montgomery County Tax Lists 1777, 1783 (Rockville, Maryland, no date) Microfilm No. 1001813, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah, 1975.

[35] Everett B. Wilson, Compiler, The Free Male Taxables of 1778,(Rockville Maryland: Montgomery County Historical Society, original typescript, no date). Microfilm No. 984060, item 8, filmed 1975. Family History Library, Salt Lake City.

[36] William Leach Will, Probate Records, Liber B, pages 12-14, Register of Wills, Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland. Microfilm No. 14230, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.

[37] Compiled by Mary Gordon Malloy, Jane C. Sween, and Janet D. Manuel, Abstracts of Wills, Montgomery County, Maryland, 1776-1825 (Washington D.C.: Gray Printing Co., 1977), page 82.

[38] Compiled by Mary Gordon Malloy, Jane C. Sween, and Janet D. Manuel, Abstracts of Wills, Montgomery County, Maryland, 1776-1825 (Washington D.C.: Gray Printing Co., 1977), pages 31-32.

  [39] William Leach Land Sale, Deeds Book C, pages 65-66, Circuit Court Clerk, Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland. Microfilm No. 14209, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.

  [40] William Leach Trustee, Deed Book D, pages 8-9, Circuit Court Clerk, Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland. Microfilm No. 14210, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.

  [41] William Leach Land Purchase, Deed Book G, pages 242-244, Circuit Court Clerk, Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland. Microfilm No. 14212, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.

[42] William Leach to Ann Clagett Deed, Deeds Book K, pages 553-554, Circuit Court Clerk, Rockville, Montgomery County, Maryland. Microfilm No. 14213, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.

[43] Charles M. Franklin, Scott County, Kentucky, Wills and Estates, 1795-1822 (Indianapolis, Indiana:Heritage House, 1985), 21.

[44] William Leach Will (1813), Scott County Wills and Estates, Book C, page 387, Scott County Clerk's Office, Georgetown, Scott Co., Kentucky.

  [45] "History," Online <http://www.tunza.com/tat1_4.html>. Downloaded December 20, 2002, from Time after Time, Vol. 1, No.4.

  [46] William Leach, Senior, Land Records, Liber E, 1752-56, page 723-725, Circuit Court Clerk, Frederick, Frederick County, Maryland. Microfilm No. 13936, Family History Library, Salt Lake City.

  [47] William Leach, Junior, Land Records, Liber F, 1756-62, page 759-760, Circuit Court Clerk, Frederick, Frederick County, Maryland. Microfilm No. 13937, Family History Library, Salt Lake City.

  [48] William Leach, Senior, Land Records, Liber G, 1756-62, pages 378-379, Circuit Court Clerk, Frederick, Frederick County, Maryland. Microfilm No. 13938, Family History Library, Salt Lake City.

  [49] Abstracted by Patricia Abelard Andersen, Frederick County Maryland Land Records, Liber L Abstracts, 1767-1770, With Supersedeas Abstracts to 1773 (Montgomery Village, MD: No Publisher, 1999), page 81.

  [50] William Leach, Junior, Land Records, Liber L, 1767-1773, pages 635-636, Circuit Court Clerk, Frederick, Frederick County, Maryland. Microfilm No. 13941, Family History Library, Salt Lake City.

  [51] Abstracted by Patricia Abelard Andersen, Frederick County Maryland Land Records, Liber L Abstracts, 1767-1770, With Supersedeas Abstracts to 1773 (Montgomery Village, MD: No Publisher, 1999), page 85.

[52] Granville W. Hough, "Fields Families: Maryland to Kentucky," Bluegrass Roots, Volume 19, Number 2." (Summer 1992): pages 53-57.